Author

Lana Hawkins

Bio: Lana is a student of Architecture and a food lover from Sydney, Australia. She loves writing about interiors, but her specialty is landscape design. She enjoys playing in kitchen and cooking for her friends and family, spending time in nature and learning about other cultures by travelling.

Even though more than one hundred years have past since the Victorian Era, Victorian style has left a great mark onto the interior design that cannot be erased. Many people today are looking for clues how to copy that style and use it in their houses. This high demand is just the cause of this article – it is in the following few paragraphs that we will explain everything you need to know about Victorian style and give you clues how to decorate your bedroom (or any other room) in Victorian style.

Victorian Bedroom

What’s Victorian style all about?

Let’s face it – we are living in the twenty-first century and we no longer wear cylinders and long dresses at home or to the theatre. Due to this fact, if we wanted to bring some of that bygone Victorian style to our home, it would be normal to combine it with what we have – that is, modern style and modern things. Victorian style has evolved by now and it is normal to mesh things up, so for example you can pair modern acrylic chairs with an ancient wood table. The combination of an old dining table you got from your grandmother and reupholstered chairs with bold graphic print cushions would be perfect. Also, in the living room, you can reupholster Victorian style sofas and comfortable chairs in a very modern fabric, such as tapestry, floral or damask. This will give the furniture a statement: I am modern, but I like the old antique curves.

Victorian Style

How to add craftsman character?

Since we do not want to make you renovate your entire house, bulldoze it and make the ceilings higher and build completely new windows, we are going to try to spice the interior up with some craftsman character. Since Victorians loved ornately carved wood furniture made in walnut, oak and mahogany, you can add them almost anywhere where you have room. And do not stop at the furniture. If you want to redecorate your living room, do not stop at the sofa – add some wood carved mirror frames, lamps and picture frames. And let’s get things cleared out: Victorian furniture is not cheap and if you want best quality you will have to pay some extra cash for it. Handywork has a price.

Victorian Style

Colour-theme your (bed)room

When it comes to truly Victorian style vibe, you should not be afraid of paint colour. Victorians loved it, and so will you. So if you are planning to redecorate your bedroom, you can choose between the rich hues of green, red, blue and gold-brown. However, Victorian colours were somewhat dusty when compared to our modern hues and colour was everywhere, starting from the kitchen to the library. Victorian bedrooms had those big beds with curtains, so you should plan to invest into one. You can also add a fireplace mantle (you can find one in flea market or even buy a modern electric). Re-purpose old trims, doors and windows and add marble in order to promote high-quality aesthetic vibe that Victorian homes used to boast with.

And finally, the last piece of advice for this redecoration would be to consider painting rooms into warm white instead of bold colours. If you add Victorian accessories into it, the mixture of old and new will perfectly achieve the effect we are aiming at. Besides, you can add colour via accessories, such as textiles, rugs, lamps, cushions and wall art. And make sure your every room is painted differently. Add some romance with fresh flowers and there you have it – a perfect Victorian style home, meshed up with modern design.

Most of us have pretty much the same impression when someone mentions IKEA – amazing design, dozens of modern furniture pieces for every corner of the house and budget-friendly prices. But, apart from touching almost every home, this popular Swedish brand is now offering a delightful perspective of our homes in the future. This is an opportunity to see your future home through IKEA’s eyes:

Totally smart interior

Those days we are blessed with our smart phones and tablets, but, if we bear in mind that IKEA is about to surprise us with smart kitchens, in next 10 years we’ll probably be able to enjoy in totally smart homes as well.  Majority of interior items, from your wardrobe to kitchen appliances will come with smart sensors included, where simple sentence will be enough to start your washing machine, open the wardrobe or turn off the oven when you’re away. According to this, our homes in 2025 will be fully equipped with pieces, whose usage is based on our communication with them and appliances able to predict next actions. So, it looks like we’ll get a new friend to talk to.

Concept kitchen by IKEA
Image source: www.technologist.eu

Indoor nature

Nature will definitely come back to us through the big doors, but with couple of changes in the scenario. IKEA’s designers anticipate that by 2025 you won’t even have to stick your head out the window to enjoy lush greenery, since gardens will become integral part of your interior. It looks like living walls, dense green beds full of veggies and herbs and rooms transformed into real natural environment are going to replace your outdoor moments and turn your home into true reflection of outside world.

Intelligent kitchen tables

IKEA’s project known as “Concept Kitchen 2025” will definitely gladden all of you, who are not so skilled delicacies’ makers, since your future kitchen space will probably welcome the table nearly intelligent as you. This Swedish company recently released a concept known as “Table for Living”, referring to a kitchen table smart enough to guide you through entire cooking adventure. All you have to do is to put your favourite ingredients on table’s surface, choose your recipe, desired cooking mode and the magic will start to appear. Like this isn’t stunning enough, this futuristic table will be able to warm your food, suggest preparation steps and exact amount of ingredients for every meal.

Fridge – what’s that?

This will probably be the question your child will ask you in 2025, since your future home will not host classic refrigerator you have now. Assuming that in next 10 years food price will significantly rise, regular shopping will become past and groceries will be delivered to us on a daily basis, IKEA suppose that refrigerators will be replaced with automated pantries. Shelves cluttered with bunch of groceries will disappear and our homes will have modern pantry, based on technology which can maintain temperature of each ingredient placed in see-through storing containers.

Although those characteristics of our future homes now look like dream, there’s no doubt that rapidly developing technology and design will bring us closer to IKEA’s image of our living space in 2025.

Selecting new windows takes more than just going with the looks that match the house they are about to be built in. Aside from acting as source of daylight and architectural accent, windows also give shape to the room, provide ventilation and emergency escape route. These are the most popular window styles.

Broad Division

Generally speaking, windows can be fixed or operable. Fixed windows re used solely as architectural feature in places where there is need for natural light and view but ventilation is not a concern. They often come in unusual geometric shapes like round-tops or relatively new type of seamless bent-glass windows that provide unobstructed corner view. However, operable windows are what most people consider for their homes. They can be sided sideways, vertically or hinged outwards or inwards on both vertical and horizontal panes.

william hefner dining room paneled walls doors gray blue cococozy interior design leather chairs encasement windows interior design
Image source: http://www.gharbuilder.com/

Double Hung and Tilt-Turn Windows

This classic design has survived centuries and not without a reason. Apart from having excellent ventilation control, they have a very simple construction. Their upper outside sash can be lowered, while the lower inside sash can slide up. Some types even feature sashes that can be removed easily for cleaning. A sub-variant of this type with only one sliding sash is called single-hung. Tilt-turn windows are popular in Europe. They tilt inside at the top but also have a feature that allows them to swing at 180 degrees for easier cleaning, which doubles as convenient emergency exit.

Casement Windows

These side-mounted windows are made in single or paired configuration and are operated by a crank that rotates the sash inward or outward. They can be fully opened for easy cleaning and maintenance, while their excellent ventilation properties come from their breeze catching effect, in which they act like sails on a boat.

Awning and Hopper Windows

It is easiest to describe them as horizontal casements. While awning windows are top hinged, so that they offer partial ventilation, unobstructed views and respectable security. Hopper windows are their inverted image. They hinge at the bottom and due to their very good ventilation properties are often used as a complement for a door or another window.

pinterest image
Image source: https://www.pinterest.com/

Horizontal Sliding Windows

They feature a single or multiple panels that are fixed and one or more panels that slide in horizontal tracks. The drawback of this design is that in the best case only half of the window can be opened at a time, providing only partial ventilation. However, an advantage of sliders is that no space is required for a sash to swing in or out, making them ideal for small spaces.

Bay Windows

This three-window set is easily recognized from the outside as it protrudes from the house wall, and forms an interior bay. In addition to great light gathering characteristics, bay window offers much wider view angle than any other type, save the seamless corner windows. A central window is flanked by two side ones that make 30 or 45 degree angle with the house wall.

In order to fulfil their different needs, windows come in many sizes, types and functions. When choosing windows for your home, consider architectural aspect, the window purpose and budget.

Ants are on earth for over 100 million years and we can find them almost everywhere on the planet. It is assumed that there are more than 20 000 different ant species, which is why it is called the most successful species on earth. They usually live in large organizational communities.

The problem of ants in the garden is very common. They can lead to the destruction of small plants, or they can make their colonies under the garden paths trail, undermine the sand below, and when you stand on it you can hurt your leg. With this in mind, it is desirable to keep their number under control.

pest free
Source: http://www.ecowise.com/

The most common types of ants

In this sense, we are talking about a number of harmful species of ants, characterized by the fact that they build their colonies outside (in your garden).

Black garden ant (Lasius niger L.) – is a dark-grey colour, length from 3-4 mm. They build their nests (anthills) in dry habitats, the old walls, cracks in buildings, on the balconies, in backyards right next to the house. They are entering homes in search for food.

Lasius fuliginosus – 4-5 mm long, glossy black body and a big head. They usually live in rotten logs and hollows of trees.

Yellow meadow ant (Lasius flavus Fabricius) – 2-4 mm long. These ants bite people, and their bite is very painful. They usually build their anthills on the lawns.

Crematogaster scutellaris
– they have reddish-orange head, 3.5-5.5 mm long. They build nests in the rafters, beams, and a dead tree, and the dwellings in rural areas.

How can you get rid of them?

ants control products
Source: http://www.lovethegarden.com/
  • Borax – Borax is a component of laundry detergents that can be mixed with a sugar solution and sprayed around the area where the ants are. This is a very effective product. Ants carry the borax into their nests, and it kills them. Mix one cup of borax and one cup of sugar and sprinkle it over their colony. Ants will not distinguish the difference between borax and sugar.
  • Vinegar – Another highly effective way to ward off ants is to spray the vinegar on the place where the ants are. Strong smell of vinegar repels them, and ants avoid it. This can be achieved by using a mixture of apple cider and peppermint oil, since ants cannot stand the smell of mint.
    Soap – soap ingredients are harmful to ants. Soap breaks wax coating on exoskeleton of the insects and dehydrate them. Mix soap and water, and the mixture pour over the anthill.
  • Boiling water – Fill a pot with water and bring it to a boil. When it boils pour the boiling water over the anthill. In this way you will destroy a large number of ants, and their nest will collapse.
  • Insecticide – There are many types of insecticides to fight the ants on the market. Some are in the form of a gel, the gel is applied along paths on which are ants moving or near their nest. Gel ants workers recognize as tempting foods that contain sugar. So, they eat it and bring it into their nest to feed the other members of the colony, including the queen. Thus, the insecticide is entered the anthill, allowing a total annihilation of the colony.
  • Other insecticides contain Bifenthrin as the active ingredient. Spray them over your lawn and the spray will also kill other insects.

Have in mind that effective control of ants is only possible by destroying the entire litter or the ant colony; it is especially important to destroy the queen. If you suppress only those worker ants that are out of the anthill in search for food, they will soon be replaced by new ones, and we’re back at the beginning.

After some time, your shiny new home is not so fresh and exciting any more. Living room is a place where you spend most of your time at home, where you entertain your guests, so it is important to enjoy the time while you’re there. If you are tired of the way your living room looks like, you can renovate and buy whole new furniture. But, if you don’t want to spend that much money, the easiest way would be to simply refresh your living space, without any major investments. Here are a few suggestions how to do that, I hope you will have some fun doing it.

Start with your walls
The fastest and the easiest way to refresh the whole look of your living room (or any other space for that matter) is to repaint your walls. You can change the color of the walls every few years, and enjoy in a new living room whenever you feel like it. Different colors are very powerful tools you can use to highlight good sides of your space, and hide the imperfections. Note that dark colors can make your room seem smaller and more intimate, and light colors will optically enlarge the place, so use that in your advantage. A great way to make some change is to repaint your door too, that will give your place a whole new look right from the entrance.

Look at the floors
If you still have that old wall-to-wall carpet in your living room, let that be the first thing you will throw out. Keep your carpet under the coffee table, and if your living room is big enough, you can put footcloths in a few carefully chosen places. If the carpet you already have in your living room is tedious, you don’t have to buy a new one right away. You can simply move the carpet from the living room into the bedroom, for example, and the one from the bedroom into the living room and voila – your floor looks fresh and new.

Let there be light
Illumination is very important in every living space, especially in your living room. Choose the right one and it will give your room a refined look and luminous satisfaction when you’re in that place. Keep in mind that you can accomplish much more with a few strategically placed floor and table lamps, than with one big chandelier in the middle of the ceiling.

Move around
Your place will be different and fresh if you change your furniture, but you don’t have to go all the way and replace it with new pieces. It will be enough if you just move around your existing furniture and change the setting. There is one rule – don’t block your path through the room, nor the doors and windows. Everything else is allowed and welcome. You can also redo one or two of your pieces of furniture with new upholstery or with new and interesting covers.

Decorations
It’s safe to say that new decorative pieces play a major role in your refreshing job. Living room decoration ideas such as replacing the painting on your wall with a few smaller ones or making a decorative piece yourself will make a drastic change. Also, plants and flowers can be a fresh wave in your living space. Place them in different positions throughout the room, and all the variety of colors of the flowers and green from the plants will breathe a new life into your old living room.

For those who are willing, there are many ways to save the planet and at the same time improve your budget. Although at first, some of these changes might seem radical or even abstract, you need not go far to start this “green” revolution, you can start in your very bathroom. There are many ways in which you can significantly improve your bathroom in three important fields- economically, ecologically and even improve the influence of your bathroom on the general health of your family. The choice is all yours, but here are some simple advice and examples which will best show you all your options and their effects.

Water of life

First you may start by trying to reduce the usage of water in your bathroom. There are several simple and extremely efficient ways to do this. You may start off by installing low flow faucets and shower heads, since it is proven that they spend almost up to 60% less than regular ones, with pretty much the same effectiveness. Next thing is do pretty much the same with your toilet. Low-flush, high-efficiency toilets use almost half of the amount of water that regular toilet does while achieving almost the same effect. Just by taking these two simple steps you will affect both your budget and your impact on the eco-state of your planet significantly on a daily basis.

When speaking of some serious savings, it is of crucial significance to check your plumbing. Leaking pipes may result in a water loss that can annul all your water savings combined. A single leaking pipe if not discovered in time, can cause major problems in your home, which requires additional investment in walls or floors renovation.
The eco-effects on a local scale are almost as devastating. This is definitely not something you can do yourself so make sure to contact a plumbing company and let the professionals deal with that. While at it, make sure to check if your pipes are made of lead, especially in the older houses or apartments. If so be sure to change them since they can represent a serious hazard on your health.

Saving the energy

As for saving the energy, it is one of the most effective ways in which you can improve the eco-friendly conditions in your bathroom. This is also one of the rear situations in life where without some great initial investments, you can save substantial amounts of money. You can start as simple as trying to cover your water-heater and its pipes with some old cloth, blankets or some other isolating material.

In a long run this can save both a lot of energy and affect your budget significantly, in a positive way. If you have wider budget for bathroom remodeling, you could get tank-less water heater, as they provide hot water on demand but they don’t produce standby energy losses as regular types. You should also replace all your regular light bulbs with a LED or CFL (compact fluorescent light) ones.

lights
Photo credit: Flickr

You may also want to try to replace the source of energy that you use for the needs of your bathroom, if not entire home as well. You can always try to change your current energy source for one of the alternative ones, the one with a renewal source. Solar energy is the most obvious and most adequate solutions since just a couple of solar panels may supply your bathroom with hot water, light and even heating for an entire season, as they are efficient even during wintertime. What better way to help both your home budget and global energetic and ecological situation at the same time.

You are the key

But before any other changes take place, there is one thing that is most important of all for this to work. The greatest change must happen inside in you. By changing your everyday habits you can significantly affect your environment in a way you never before believed possible. By taking a shorter showers, not rushing but just being realistic about time needed, or by doing something as simple as turning of water while brushing teeth you can make all the difference necessary. Being a bit more practical and economical about the use of toilet paper or by purchasing only towels made out of organic cotton or linen is really not that hard and do not require any physical changes, but only in the raised level of your general awareness.

“Be the change you want to see in the world”; this change must first happen in you and then and only then can you transfer it to the world around you. With just a bit of will, determination and awareness of the global and local ecological situation, you can be the key of both your own salvation and at the same time leave the Earth a better place than it was before you gave your best shot in preserving it.

If you take a look at the cleaning products shelf in your home, you will probably find something that looks like this: five to ten cleaning products which you have recently saw in a TV programme and you decided to try it out yourself, to see if it really works. Okay, these products do kill germs, but the problem with them is that they are usually not eco-friendly. That is, they have been made using different chemicals that are not so environmentally friendly. What is more, gases which go into the atmosphere during their manufacturing are probably on a good way of destroying the Ozone.

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Image source Keith Williamson

You are probably asking yourself: So, what am I supposed to use for cleaning? I cannot simply leave the dirt like that, I need them. In fact, you do not need them and you can try to make green cleaning products from the things you already have at home, and what is best – that will not cost as much as those from a store. Here is how.

Basic ingredients

Basic ingredients that you probably have at home, that can be used in most cleaning products, are the following: fantastic baking soda, water, white vinegar, olive oil or essential oils (such as tea tree oil, lavender oil, lemongrass oil and the like), hydrogen peroxide, salt.

Bathroom cleaners

If you want to clean your tub and tiles, you can make one using a cup of baking soda with ½ cup of vegetable-oil-based liquid soap, two tablespoons of vinegar and ½ cup of water. Mix them all up in a bottle, shake before applying with a cloth or sponge. After the cleaning, rinse the tiles with water.

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Image source Pixabay.com

If you want to make toilet bowl cleaner, you can use baking soda and vinegar in it. Let it work for fifteen minutes, then scrub and flush.

In order to clean glass, you can combine ¼ cup of vinegar with four cups of warm water. Mix it in a spray bottle, use dry cloth or newspapers on glass or mirror and there you have it.

You can also clean bathroom drains with ½ cup of baking soda and with a cup of vinegar. After having waited for it to sit and fizz for fifteen minutes, you should rinse it with preferably hot water.

Kitchen cleaners

Kitchen is, naturally, a place which needs to be cleaned on a daily basis. You can make all-purpose cleaner using a teaspoon of baking soda, ½ teaspoon of dish soap, and two tablespoons of vinegar. Pour them into a spray bottle, shake it good and let it sit for a minute or two before you fill the bottle with warm water. Shake it up a bit, wait for it to calm down and add a few drops of your favourite essential oil for a fresh scent.

If you want to clean your sink or stovetop, put a 1/3 cup of baking soda into a bowl, mix it with some water (not much!), in order to make moist paste. Put the paste on a sponge or scrubbing brush and scrub the sink. And every time you need it, you can make it again, because it can quickly dry off.
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Image source Hintons Home

Other

If you need cleaning in, say, your living room couch, the cleaner will depend on the type of the stain. For example, red wine spills will simply go away with hydrogen peroxide. Mix a teaspoon of dish soap with a cup of hydrogen peroxide, apply it on the stain, use a dry towel to soak it up and there you have it.

Coffee stains will go away using a mixture of egg yolk and luke-warm water, whereas other stains will go away easily with whipped detergent and some water.

 

The concept of sustainable building primarily involves the harmonious relationship between ecology and economy in order to preserve the natural wealth for future generations. In real life, sustainable construction is based on many principles of which are the most important: reducing the negative impact of the construction site, the integration of renewable energy sources in the design phase, the use of secondary materials in the construction process in order to preserve natural resources, reducing CO2 emissions, reducing energy consumption and generate their own energy.

GT Tower East

https://www.contemporist.com/

One of the most interesting sustainable building is the GT Tower East in Seoul. This skyscraper with its elegant building facade brings a significant change in a very sharp and orthogonal architecture of Seoul. The tower is 130 meters high, and what makes it specific is its pure organic form. Wavy effect exterior creates an optical illusion when viewed from the side of the building. Designers have integrated many sustainability measures such as solar panels to collect energy, a good ventilation system, well insulated facade and lots of natural light to reduce energy consumption and to make pleasant working environment.

The Hearst Tower

http://inhabitat.com/

Another interesting and sustainable building, the Hearst Tower in New York. This 46 stores high tower is the first commercial building that has won LEED Gold Certification from the US Green Building Council. Building meets the highest level of the sustainable construction requirements. It is made from 90% recycled steel, with fascinating ventilation system, heating that can be adjusted on each floor. There are light and humidity as well as the VOC and CO2 sensors installed. Next to these fascinating features, the building has a rainwater-collection tank and the water is mostly used for the air conditioning system and watering plants

Pixel building

http://futuresparks.org.au/

There is another example of architectural environmental solutions in Australia known as Pixel building. The building is a fantastic example of sustainability since it generates all its energy with the help of roof wind turbines and solar panels. It is equipped with a so-called smart window that opens automatically during the night to get enough air ventilated without excessive cooling of the building. In addition, building has its own rainwater harvesting system. The building is made of a special type of concrete, which is called Pixelcrete, which contains half as much carbon than conventional concrete. Pixel is known to be visually attractive because of  the colourful sun shades that are not there just for decoration. They are set to allow maximum utilization of daylight while helping preventing overheating of the room.

TMB building

http://inhabitat.com/

The capital city of Turkey, Ankara is home to Turkish Contractor’s Association headquarters. The outer part of the façade of this building is composed of two layers. The first layer consists of frameless glass to glass and glass to metal panels, while the second layer is made of stainless steel wire mesh. This type of construction gives a sense of connection between the building and its surrounding, while on the other hand limits sun exposure which reduces the temperature during warm days. Many local natural materials were used during construction which decreases ecological footprint. TMB building is also equipped with solar panels and rainwater tanks.

What most distinguishes this building from all the above mentioned is specific air-conditioning system in the form of underground labyrinth cooling system. During the night when the temperature drops, cooled air is stored in labyrinth cells, and is distributed afterwards through the building. On the other hand, during the winter, heat from the soil is used for passive heating of day-time air.

featured home office
Image Credit: Footer

Most businesses start at home or in student dorm rooms, while some others with more luck and more initial funding start in small offices and other more professional surroundings. No matter how good your startup idea is, you will definitely have trouble with space in your first office. Don’t despair, there are tricks that can make your space look bigger and more appealing to future clients and employees.

Laptops

Desktop computers take out a lot of space and the prices and specs of laptop computer are almost equivalent these days. In addition to this you will be able to do your business in motion and use all the practicality that comes with a laptop.

New Shelves

Great way to use more of your office space and the things you place on these shelves will always be visible and easy to reach. Some people decide to hire professional help, when doing simple tasks like this, but with a good DIY guide and adequate tools and materials you will be able to build and paint your shelves like a pro. You can find cheap and good quality tools in online tool shops.

Tamed Cables

This is important not only because you want to make your office bigger, but also for making it a safer place. For this task you can use everything from duck-tape to pegboard and make sure to mark each cable with different color band.

Lighter Colors on the Walls

This is one of the basic interior design tricks for making a room look bigger. Some people choose plain white, but this will make your office look like a hospital or some other health institution, so it is better to use warmer light colors, and also don’t hesitate to place some minimalist decorations on the walls.

home office
Image Credit: Footer

Simple Storage Furniture

Bigger office furniture that’s mostly used for storing can also be used as a clipboard or the place where you will put some important notices to your clients and employees. When it comes to office furniture, color should be a good match to the color of your walls and it can also have some decorations, but rather choose simple and inconspicuous pieces. Flamboyant vintage furniture is not functional enough, so don’t even think about Luis the Fourteenth.

Uncovered Windows

Be sure not to install any curtains on your windows. It is better to leave them uncovered and bring in all the light your office can get. The light will give it much more depth and if you want more privacy or you want to stop your employees from watching people go by, it is better to use shades or blinds than curtains.

Ceiling Tricks

In small offices ceiling is one of the most important and most visible parts. You should always draw attention to it, and keep it nice and tidy. A good idea is to paint the ceiling in some dramatic colors or even to cover it with wallpapers. This will make it look taller, and office will automatically look bigger.

Another great trick is to install shelves very close to the ceiling and store some things that you don’t use that often, but that are looking nice and representative. Clever space-saving lawyer, for example, would use these shelves for nicely bound law books.

Green architecture has many versatile advantages. Green buildings consume less power, last longer and it is healthier to live in them rather than conventional houses. Their construction requires less material and they are usually self-sustainable. Of course, they also have a smaller negative impact on the environment.

The investment in green home is investment in your health. How productive are you when you have a headache or you are under stress? You can get a headache or be stressed because of harmful vapours from low quality materials used for construction of your home, poor lighting, constant noise, etc. Less energy is consumed when we have good natural light and quality insulation. When you live in a green house you have more money to spend on things you like, because you have lower costs for doctors, repairs, heating and cooling, maintenance, etc. You can make your home greener by installing green walls and roof.

How to make a green wall?

Green wall, or an indoor vertical garden, consists of fixed or movable supporting structure, space to accommodate the plants and irrigation system (pump, tank for nutrition and water, a timer and a dropper).

Plants for the green wall are grown in containers with special fibres that concentrate the root in one place and they are usually in regular geometric shape (cube or rectangle). Attach metal construction that will carry your new vertical garden on the wall and along the construction conduct watering system. Make sure that every plant gets access to the water. You will also need a waterproof layer that will insulate your regular wall from moisture. After that, stack the plants next to each other and make a plant mosaic.

Plants that are recommended for green walls are creeping philodendron, dracaena, ivy, scindapsus, ferns, Spathiphyllum, aglaonema and plants with small root system.

https://www.houzz.com/

How to make a green roof?

The construction of the green roof and its layers depend on the purpose of the roof. All green roofs have one thing in common and that is that they must contain certain layers so their ecosystem could live.

The layers of the green roof are:

  • Supporting structure – its purpose is to withstand the roof load and it represents the support for the other layers.
    Waterproof layer – which is intended to retain the rain water and its channelling towards the sewer or to a system for storing the rain water.
  • Layer which prevents the penetration of roots in the supporting layer – this layer prevents the roots penetration in depth. The most commonly used material for this layer is geotextile.
    Drainage layer – this layer that is intended to retain the water that plants can use for nutrition during drought periods.
  • Layer for filtration – which prevents the penetration of higher layers and roots in the drainage layer but allows the water come through.
  • Sand or small rocks – are used to help drain the soil, they are porous so they provide an excellent basis for application of the soil.
  • Soil – or any other substrate that enables plants to grow.

There are other layers that you can use for green roof construction but these are the most commonly applied. If you want to grow something other than grass and small plants on your roof you have to apply thicker layer of soil and stronger supporting construction so the plants can grow undisturbed.

http://www.greenroofs.com/

By building green you invest in your health, reduce the impact of construction on the environment, improve the quality of your living space and reduce the costs associated with the using of the building. There are more and more people on our planet and less and less resources. We have to be more responsible when we build so the next generations don’t end up left without necessary resources.